The Intricacies of Meter Proving

Meter proving: whenever a “prover” samples and confirms the quality of a meter whether computerized, also known as SMART technologies, or analog Where it comes to meter proving there are plenty of considerations and the figures might vary on a whim based on the sort of meter and technique of testing. Basically, its a gas meter prover for gas meters. It is not as simple as you might imagine where the provers have got to measure and then compare to pre-calculated details as indicated by their guide.

Meter proving and meter testing are different. Here’s why.

Meter proving can possibly be described as a procedure for determining a modification element (i.e. a meter factor) to modify the tested quantities for inaccuracies caused by installation and working influences. After the information has-been collected from the meter proving expert, he/she then compares that data to national meteorology data publicly available through institutions such as for instance the National Institute for Standards and technologies. Proving is quite typical for liquid hydrocarbon metering and especially for pipeline custody transfer. Specialized prover connectivity are necessary at the metering station to permit simultaneous measuring of the liquid in both the devices.

Although meter testing has been around in excess of a hundred years the exact same standard is out there today as it was all that long ago. Because of this testing thru this method is vulnerable to various different variants and insecurities.

A gas meter prover is a device that confirms the consistency of a gas meter. City and public works are unequivocally the the majority of employers of meter provers. Provers perform by moving a known mass of air through a meter whereas watching the gas meters register, index, or internal displacement. As soon as that is complete the prover (meter) then takes the data he/she documented in the percent of air directed to that of the value showed on the meter’s own.

A bell prover has two layers, one inside tank encompassed by an additional outside shell. A space among the inner tank and external shell is filled up with a sealing fluid, in the majority of cases oil. An upside-down tank, regarded as the bell, is set over the tank that is inner. An air-tight is provided by the fluid seal. Bell provers are frequently counterweighted to supply pressure level that is positive to a line and valve interconnected to a meter. Often times rollers or guides are put in on the moving part of the bell which enables for smooth linear motion devoid of the potential for unmeasurable stress differentials caused by the bell swaying back or forth.

“Bells have a quantity of air that is determined by calculated temperature, pressure level additionally, and the effective diameter of the bell. Each bell scale, fitted vertically, is exclusive to its paired bell.”says Darryl Rampod of Harvest Oilfield Services, a turnaround services company.

When proving a meter with a manually managed bell, an operator must initially fill the bell with a controlled air supply or raise it manually by opening a valve and pulling a chained device, seal the bell and meter and confirm the sealed system for leaks, calculate the flow rate required for the meter, set up a special flow-rate cap on the meter outlet, observe the initiating points of both the bell scale and meter index, relieve the bell valve to move air through the meter, monitor the meter index and evaluate the time required to pass the pre-specified quantity of air, subsequently manually estimate the meter’s proof accounting for bell air and meter Temp and in some instances some other environment facets.

Automation has been accomplished with the advent of programmable logic controllers or PLCs. Instead of manually raising and lowering the bell prover, solenoid valves linked to a PLC controls air flows through the meter. Temp, pressure, and moisture detectors might be utilized to feed data into an computerized bell PLC, and measurements for meter proofs could be handled by a computer or electronic device developed for this function. From the 90s, computers and PAC (Programmable Automated Controls) have been made use of. Detectors to read the index of a meter were added in to further automate the process, removing much of the human error linked with manual bell provers.

The natural evolution of the automatic bell and PAC controls guided itself to the use of vacuum driven provers with arrays of sonic nozzles (implementing choked flow to give precise flow rates. Such a use eliminated the dependence on a bell, as the flow rate is provided through the nozzles. When sufficient vacuum is applied to a sonic nozzle it creates a constant flow rate. Bernoulli’s principle is applied to calculate the chosen flow rates chosen by the user or computerized by a computer. The best part about using digital machine-controlled units in proving is that live data might be collected and sent across an internal network granting dynamic analyzation of live data.

8 Undeniable Benefits of Robots in the Oil and Gas Industry

You’ve probably heard of news about robotics and other technologies taking over jobs in the oil and gas industry. Well, it’s undeniable that this is one of the fears that workers are having.

While advanced technology provides a wide range of benefits, it’s not 100% good. It’s inevitable for disadvantages to arise.

However, despite these disadvantages, such as the decrease in job opportunities, the benefits outnumber them. Here’s a look at some of that robotics and their benefits:

All Terrain

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Unmanned vehicles, as the name suggests, does not require someone to drive it manually.

That means whether companies want to perform operations ground, airborne, or even underwater, these vehicles can help.

Operational Efficacy

Humans would require too much resources and time to do these operations. Though with automated vehicles, the costs will be reduced.

Operations will also be done in a shorter period of time. Besides the financial aspect, operations will also be safer and efficiency will improve.

That said, there are a wide range of operations that these vehicles are capable of doing.

Wide Range of Operations

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Advanced vehicles in the oil and gas industry are capable of doing services. These include transportation, exploration, extraction, prospecting, inspections, and more.

Remotely Operated

The engineers that supervise operations are able to give out instructions from their workplace miles away from the actual job site.

Drilling

Battery - 8 Undeniable Benefits of Robots in the Oil and Gas Industry

Advanced drills are also helpful because it makes the exploration and acquisition easier and more productive.

It would also reduce the cost for the equipment if advanced drills are used. This technology offer various features and they are proven to be sturdier than average drills.

Monitoring Job Site

Due to the sensors of drones and their flexible flight, they can provide accessibility to the oil and gas industry. This is especially important for exploration.

What’s more, drones are getting upgrades over the years and it won’t reach it peak soon.

In fact, drones are now capable of monitoring, inspections, and surveillance in a wide variety of structures.

This will alert companies of any signs of problems. That way, disasters can be avoided. Drones are also upgraded with Wi-Fi.

That means they can also connect to cloud technologies, making life easier for oil and gas companies.

Extreme Weathers

Since the industry tends to work on extreme weathers, the robots are designed to withstand temperature fluctuations.

Labor

Finally, robots do not experience fatigue and therefore, they are perfect for labor. Robots are also capable lifting objects quickly.

Conclusion

There are many emerging technologies in the oil and gas industry, and so are the benefits. The only thing that matters now is, when will oil and gas companies implement these changes in their operations?

If you have any questions with robots in this industry, feel free to leave them in the comment section below.

Leveraging Cloud Technologies in the Oil and Gas Industry

Despite having it tough in the last couple of years, oil and gas companies are not starting to adopt cloud technologies.

Most likely, they have realized the importance of being digital, and cloud technologies plays an important role in this venture.

There are many reasons why companies are adopting this technology. They might expect to have easier data and insight gather, faster operations, and better decision making.

Here’s a look at the main benefits of cloud services to oil and gas industry:

Benefits of Cloud Technologies

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The majority of companies are planning to invest on digital technology. This includes artificial intelligence, robotics, virtual reality, computing, or even blockchain.

Cloud technology is in the “computing” category. It is also one of the most important part of digital transformation.

Unlike other technologies, there are many benefits that come with having a new source of data. One is the increased performance of operations.

It can also lead to reduced cost of services and faster deployment.

The Proof of Improvement

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If the company you’re working with is still alien to cloud technologies, it might come as a surprise to you that many companies are already reaping the benefits of cloud adoption.

For example, GRTgaz, one of the largest natural gas operators, is already enjoying an increase in the environment availability from 54 percent to 90 percent.

Cloud technologies have also reduced the need of for companies to test operations.

However, cloud adoption is not that easy to handle. There are several steps to make it possible.

Steps to Cloud Adoption

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Once companies realize the benefits of cloud adoption, it’s only natural for them to want to implement it as soon as possible.

But there are precautions to be taken before doing that. Here are the three steps to take in order to make cloud adoption a success.

  1. It’s important to strategize and analyze the current state of your business.
  2. Plan the blueprints, sequences, patterns, and roadmaps that will lead to the cloud adoption.
  3. Lastly, it’s time to implement cloud adoption. Management will be busier than ever within this duration, so precautions are necessary beforehand.

Conclusion

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The opportunities and perks of cloud adoption are intense. Soon, the oil and gas industry will implement this technology.

Once they do so, they will reap a lot of benefits from it.

If you have any questions regarding cloud technologies, feel free to contact us or leave your comments below.

4 Benefits of Drilling Wells in Different Angles

The traditional way of drilling for natural gas, oil, and other is through vertical wells. It is when rigs drill straight down in the surface.

However, despite the many companies that use this method, there’s a better way to obtain information, stimulate reserves, or hit the targets accurately. That is by drilling in other angles besides vertical.

This is what directional drilling is all about. Therefore, the ability to steer the well to leave from the vertical is important.

But that’s not enough benefits. So why you should wells be drilled differently? Why not vertical?

Why Drill Wells in Different Angles?

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There are many benefits of drilling wells besides the vertical angle. It can be used to reach targets while increasing the measurements of the “pay zone”. Reduce footprints of gas field development. Intersect fractures.

There are basically a lot of benefits. Here’s a look at four of them:

Excavation

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Vertical drilling can be difficult when it comes to installing electric or gas lines. This is because of the obstacles that you need to cross.

These include rivers, undergrounds, or roads. However, with horizontal drilling, crossing these places can be a piece of cake.

Accurate Targeting

construction machine excavators - 4 Benefits of Drilling Wells in Different Angles

Sometimes, reservoirs can be located in places that are impossible to hit. However, that’s only if vertical drilling is used.

That’s why directional drilling was used and fortunately, it can tap these reservoirs. This is one of the reasons why directional drilling is used in the oil and gas industry.

Widen the “Pay Zone”

With a stone unit a hundred feet thick, a vertical well will also need to have the same thickness. However, if it’s not a vertical well, and it is drilled horizontally, then the pay zone will also have the same length.

This results to increased productivity for that certain well. If this process is aided with hydraulic fracturing, the productivity can further increase.

Drilling Pad

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The method of draining a wide area from a single drilling pad is used to reduce the footprint of a drilling operation.

In fact, there are many featured news that says drilling from a single drilling significantly reduced the development of footprints of natural gas within the drilling areas.

Conclusion

The importance of directional drilling cannot be ignored. It can change the drilling process to a whole new level.

What do you think about directional drilling? Feel free to level them in the comment section below.